• Age-Related Factors in Driving Safety 

      Valentine, Deborah; Williams, Martha; Young, Robert K. (Council for Advanced Transportation Studies, 1978-02)
      Accident and violation rates are higher for older and younger drivers. Causative or confounding variables studied in relation to this phenomenon have included experience, exposure rates, hazard miles driven, personality, ...
    • Alcohol and Accidents 

      Young, Robert K.; Valentine, Deborah; Williams, Martha S. (Council for Advanced Transportation Studies, 1977-03)
      The relationship between drinking and driving is a complex one. In general, the probability of a crash increases as blood alcohol concentration (BAC) increases. Physiological changes with increased BAC impair attention ...
    • Demographic Variables and Accidents 

      Valentine, Deborah; Williams, Martha; Young, Robert K. (Council for Advanced Transportation Studies, 1978-01)
      Highway transportation systems are usually designed with the "typical" driver in mind. The "typical" driver is a white male of middle class background. Research is reviewed in this monograph for accident data pertaining ...
    • Drugs and Their Effect on Driving Performance 

      Valentine, Deborah; Williams, Martha S.; Young, Robert K. (Council for Advanced Transportation Studies, 1977-05)
      This report reviews the literature on the association of drug use and accidents. Research indicates widespread use of psychotropic drugs with tentative evidence to indicate their use may impair driving performance. The ...
    • Multidisciplinary Accident Investigation 

      Valentine, Deborah; Hales, Gary D.; Williams, Martha; Young, Robert K. (Council for Advanced Transportation Studies, 1978-10)
      This report reviews the literature generated by the Multidisciplinary Accident Investigation (MDAI) studies, sponsored under the Highway Act of 1966. The use of a wide variety of professional disciplines to evaluate accident ...
    • Personality Factors in Accident Causation 

      Valentine, Deborah; Williams, Martha; Young, Robert K. (Council for Advanced Transportation Studies, 1977-03)
      This report reviews the literature on the association of personality traits and accidents. The personality of the accident repeater is reviewed. In general, aggression seems to be a critical link between alcoholism, ...