Analysis of a database of uniaxial geogrid pullout resistance results
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Being able to extrapolate interaction values from a database of pullout resistance testing results may possibly help with narrowing down the most suitable reinforcement/fill material combinations for a Mechanically Stabilized Earth wall, thereby reducing the number of tests needed for a design and maximizing the efficiency of the system. The objectives of this thesis include the following: collect and organize a broad collection of data in a way that can assist in preliminary selection of interaction properties for uniaxial geogrids; analyze the collection of data for trends related to geogrid polymer type; analyze the collection of data for trends related to the presence of fines in the fill material; compare the collected data to previous studies on the effects of geogrid specimen length on pullout performance; and compare the collected data to previous studies on the effect of geogrid rib thickness to mean particle size ratio on normalized bearing stress and CI values. The data from 101 pullout tests are presented in tabular and graphic form so that the coefficient of interaction may be interpolated for many geogrid/fill material combinations. The effect of polymer type (PET vs HDPE) was shown to have little effect on how a geogrid performs in a fill material. In one case, the two polymer types exhibit differing trends within the same fill material. The presence of fines (>12% by weight) in the fill material results in a significant decrease in the coefficient of interaction when compared to clean granular fills. The effects of geogrid embedment length have significant effects on the results of geogrid pullout tests. Samples with shorter lengths were shown to carry a greater load per unit area than longer samples. Normalized bearing stress is shown to be heavily influenced by the geogrid transverse rib thickness to mean particle size ratio (B/D50). For a particular fill material, normalized bearing stress decreases linearly with increasing B/D50. For a particular geogrid, normalized bearing stress is shown to have a bi-linear behavior with increasing B/D50. Initially, normalized bearing stress increases with increasing B/D50. After reaching a peak, normalized bearing stress begins to decrease with increasing B/D50.
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