Coordinated wireless multiple antenna networks : transmission strategies and performance analysis
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Next generation wireless systems will use multiple antenna technologies, also known as multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO), to provide high data rates and robustness against fading. MIMO communication strategies for single user communication systems and their practical application in wireless networks are by now well known. MIMO communication systems, however, can benefit from multiuser processing by coordinating the transmissions to multiple users simultaneously. For numerous reasons, work on the theory of multiuser MIMO communication has yet to see broad adoption in wireless communication standards. For example, global knowledge of channel state information is often required. Such an unrealistic assumption, however, makes it difficult in practice to implement precoding techniques. Furthermore, the achievable rates of the conventional multiuser MIMO techniques are far from the theoretical performance bounds. These and other factors motivate research on practical multiuser communication strategies for the MIMO broadcast channel (point to multi-point communication) and the analysis of those strategies. The primary contributions of this dissertation are i) the development of four novel low complexity coordinated MIMO transceiver design techniques to approach the theoretical performance bound and ii) the investigation of the optimality of the proposed coordinated wireless MIMO networks. Several coordinated beamforming algorithms are proposed, where each mobile station uses quantized combining vectors or each base station uses limited feedback from the MS. The asymptotic optimality of the proposed coordinated beamforming system for the MIMO Gaussian broadcast channel is next investigated. For multi-stream transmission, a novel block diagonalized vector perturbation is proposed and the achievable sum rate upper bound of the proposed system is derived. Finally, for multi-cell environments, linear and non-linear network CBF algorithms supporting multiple cell-boundary users are proposed. The optimality of network coordinated beamforming in terms of the number of receive antennas is also investigated.