Cuba : poesía, género y revolución
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The focus of this research is to study the representation in contemporary Cuban poetry of the relationship between gender and the social transformations carried out in that country from 1959 to the present. The object of study is the work of three women poets who have been immersed in this social process, Carilda Oliver Labra (1922), Fina García Marrúz (1923) and Georgina Herrera (1936). The investigation considers various aspects of Cuba: its history and women’s social participation; its poetic tradition and the achievements of women’s poetry before 1959; its intellectual production during the Revolution and the pivotal role played by women poets. This research demonstrates that despite class transformation being the fundamental basis for the Cuban Revolution, a line of thought and a social practice which sees women’s and other subordinated subjects’ emancipation as secondary, the revolutionary process opens spaces for gender representations that have not been seen before in this country’s literature. These ultimately serve as a way of challenging still existent attitudes and practices in Cuba that reinforce gender subordination. The study offers textual analyses of representative poems and analysis is informed by post-colonial and gender theories.