This belongs to a multi-part essay series gathering compositions with ascending lines and upper-register cadence gestures in European and European- influenced music. Part 4 covers the period 1780–1860; this section is 1780–1815. Composers include, among others, Beethoven, Doche, Hummel, Mozart, Paisiello, Pecháček, J. A. P. Schulz, and Sterkel. Organ music compiled by Kaspar Ett concludes.