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dc.contributor.advisorForgie, George B.en
dc.contributor.advisorBowman, Shearer Davisen
dc.creatorHummel, Jeffrey Rogersen
dc.date.accessioned2011-03-21T14:19:13Zen
dc.date.available2011-03-21T14:19:13Zen
dc.date.issued2001-08en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2152/10583en
dc.descriptiontexten
dc.description.abstractTwo broad positions have dominated the history of economic thought with respect to chattel slavery. The view of the classical economists, dating back as far as Adam Smith and including a good many abolitionists, was that slavery was inefficient and therefore unprofitable. The contrasting position of the new economic historians, most closely identified with Robert Fogel and Stanley Engerman, is that slavery was profitable and therefore efficient. Both positions are partly wrong (as well as partly right). Southern slavery was indeed profitable but nevertheless inefficient; it operated like other obvious practices—from piracy through monopoly to government subsidies—where individual gains do not vii translate into social benefits. In the terminology of economics, it was a system that imposed significant “deadweight loss” on the Southern economy, despite being lucrative for slaveholders. The dissertation presents both theoretical arguments and empirical evidence for the peculiar institution’s inefficiency. In the process it throws into fresh perspective many historical controversies about the antebellum South. A recognition of slavery’s deadweight loss has major implications for the origins of the Civil War. Slavery’s survival required extensive subsidies from government at all levels. A federal Fugitive Slave Law was among the most crucial ways that the national government socialized the system’s enforcement. That is why runaway slaves were such an important ingredient in sectional strife. A comparative investigation of slavery not just within the United States but elsewhere demonstrates that, wherever slaves could easily run away, the entire system was compromised.
dc.format.mediumelectronicen
dc.language.isoengen
dc.rightsCopyright is held by the author. Presentation of this material on the Libraries' web site by University Libraries, The University of Texas at Austin was made possible under a limited license grant from the author who has retained all copyrights in the works.en
dc.subjectSlavery--United States--Historyen
dc.subjectSlaves--Emancipation--United Statesen
dc.subjectUnited States--History--Civil War, 1886-1865--Causesen
dc.subjectUnited States--History--Civil War, 1886-1865--Economic aspectsen
dc.titleDeadweight loss and the American civil war : the political economy of slavery, secession, and emancipationen
dc.description.departmentHistoryen
thesis.degree.departmentHistoryen
thesis.degree.disciplineHistoryen
thesis.degree.grantorThe University of Texas at Austinen
thesis.degree.levelDoctoralen
thesis.degree.nameDoctor of Philosophyen
dc.rights.restrictionRestricteden


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