• Coiled and non-coiled twisted nanofiber yarn torsional and tensile actuators 

      Kozlov, Mikhail E.; Oh, Ji-Young; Baughman, Ray H.; Fang, Shaoli; Suh, Dong-Seok; Lima, Marcio Dias; Haines, Carter Sebastian; Li, Na; De Andrade, Monica Jung (United States Patent and Trademark Office, 2017-10-10)
      Actuators (artificial muscles) comprising twist-spun nanofiber yarn or twist-inserted polymer fibers generate torsional and/or tensile actuation when powered electrically, photonically, chemically, thermally, by absorption, ...
    • Coiled and non-coiled twisted polymer fiber torsional and tensile actuators 

      Kozlov, Mikhail E.; Oh, Ji-Young; Baughman, Ray H.; Fang, Shaoli; Suh, Dong-Seok; Lima, Marcio Dias; Haines, Carter Sebastian; De Andrade, Monica Jung; Li, Na; Goktepe, Fatma; Goktepe, Ozer (United States Patent and Trademark Office, 2018-02-27)
      Actuators (artificial muscles) comprising twist-spun nanofiber yarn or twist-inserted polymer fibers generate torsional and/or tensile actuation when powered electrically, photonically, chemically, thermally, by absorption, ...