Browsing by Author "Paban, Sonia"

Aspects of inflationary cosmology
Lorshbough, Dustin Eldon (201605)We discuss aspects of excited initial states in inflationary cosmology. We review the basic framework of inflationary cosmology and how to compute observable correlation functions. The framework of excited initial states ... 
Aspects of new physics beyond the standard model : electroweak naturalness, dark matter and holographic quantum gravity
Swaminathan, SivaramakrishnanThis dissertation is based on studies of three aspects of physics beyond the Standard Model. First, we summarize a study of high temperature symmetry restoration in extensions of the Standard Model where the naturalness ... 
Boundary conditions for black holes using the Ashtekar isolated and dynamical horizons formalism
Schirmer, Jerry Michael (201012)Isolated and Dynamical horizons are used to generate boundary conditions upon the lapse and shift vectors. Numerous results involving the Hamiltonian of General relativity are derived, including a selfcontained derivation ... 
Chiral symmetry breaking and external fields in the KupersteinSonnenschein model
Alam, Muhammad Sohaib (201205)A novel holographic model of chiral symmetry breaking has been proposed by Kuperstein and Sonnenschein by embedding nonsupersymmetric probe D7 and antiD7 branes in the KlebanovWitten background. We study the dynamics ... 
Cosmology driven by physics beyond the standard model
Žanić, Marija, 1972 (200712)This dissertation investigates several problems inspired by the interplay of cosmology and theories beyond the Standard Model of particle physics. The first part of this work is a study of time evolution of unstable ... 
Dynamics of asymptotically AdS spaces and holography
Pedraza Avella, Juan Felipe; 0000000232769290 (201508)This thesis presents a series of studies on the evolution and outofequilibrium dynamics of strongly coupled quantum field theories by means of the AdS/CFT correspondence. We use a handful of analytic and semianalytic ... 
Geometry of quantum noise
Dixit, Kuldeep Narayan (201005)Open quantum systems refer to systems that are affected by interaction with the environment. The effects of these unwanted interactions, called \emph{quantum noise}, are studied using dynamical maps. We study the geometry ... 
Highenergy emission and recent afterglow studies of gammaray bursts
Barniol Duran, Rodolfo Jose (201105)Gammaray Bursts (GRBs) are powerful explosions that emit most of their energy, as their name suggests, in gammarays of typical energies of about 1 MeV. This emission lasts for about two minutes or less and it is ... 
Inflation : connecting theory to observation
Meyers, Joel Ray, 1983 (201208)The inflationary paradigm has become widely accepted as an accurate framework in which to describe the physics of the early universe, due both to the conceptual advantages of the idea and the agreement of its predictions ... 
Measuring framedragging with LARES, and other topics in gravity
Nguyen, Phuc Hong (201705)This dissertation is divided into two conceptually distinct parts, which both fall under the broad umbrella of gravitational physics. In the first part, we describe work done on the LARES experiment whose goal is to measure ... 
Mirror symmetry in three dimensional supersymmetric gauge theories
Dey, Anindya, Ph. D. (201508)The basic objective of this thesis is to apply techniques of supersymmetric localization for studying Mirror Symmetry in N = 4 gauge theories in three spacetime dimensions. We start by discussing an Mtheory/Type IIA ... 
Modeling and constraining inflationary and preinflationary eras
Aravind, Aditya; 0000000286612336 (201608)The paradigm of cosmic inflation has had great success in explaining the statistical properties of fluctuations in the Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB). In this dissertation we discuss a few avenues for modeling and ... 
Nonsupersymmetric holographic engineering and Uduality
Young, Stephen Christopher (201208)In this Ph.D. thesis, we construct and study a number of new type IIB supergravity backgrounds that realize various flavored, finite temperature, and nonsupersymmetric deformations of the resolved and deformed conifold ... 
Perturbations in the cosmic microwave background caused by excited quantum states and connection to observation
Malnar, Jason (201305)I studied the effect of excited state initial conditions on the inflationary perturbation wavefunction and the possible effects they have on the observed spectrum of primoridal fluctuations. A de Sitter Universe approximation ... 
Stability issues in KalbRamond/dilaton braneworld scenarios
Young, Stephen Christopher. (200912)I summarize the RandallSundrum braneworld scenario, and its application to solving the hierarchy problem in the Standard Model of elementary particles. A generalized RandallSundrum scenario is presented, which includes ... 
Techniques for discoveries at the TeV scale
Klimek, Matthew David; 0000000240946234 (201705)Several lines of indirect evidence point to the existence of new physics at the TeV scale, corresponding to the scale set by electroweak symmetry breaking. The search for new phenomena at this scale is a major focus of ... 
The deconstruction of orbifold fixed points in heterotic Mtheory
Claussen, Jacob Cole; 0000000215291774 (201608)The compactification of E8 X E8 heterotic string theory on orbifolds of the form T6=ZN produces a 4D spectrum of untwisted states and twisted states. Unlike the untwisted states, the twisted states are confined to the fixed ... 
Tinkertoys for Gaiotto duality
Chacaltana Alarcon, Oscar Chacaltana (201108)We describe a procedure for classifying 4D N=2 superconformal theories of the type introduced by Davide Gaiotto. Any punctured curve, C, on which the 6D (2,0) SCFT is compactified, may be decomposed into 3punctured spheres, ... 
Topics in flux compactifications of type IIA superstring theory
Ihl, Matthias, 1977 (200808)Realistic fourdimensional model building from string theory has been a focus of the string theory community ever since its inception. Toroidal orientifold constructions have emerged as a technically simple class of candidate ... 
Toward a theory of observation
Carney, Daniel Joseph, Jr. (201408)Quantum mechanics is usually formulated in terms of a single Hilbert space and observables are defined as operators on this space. Attempts to describe entire spacetimes and their resident matter in this way often encounter ...