• Are Patriots Bigots? An Inquiry into the Vices of In-group Pride 

    de Figuredo, Rui Jr; Elkins, Zachary (American Journal of Political Science, 2013-11-18)
    One view in the study of intergroup conflict is that pride implies prejudice. However, an increasing number of scholars have come to view in-group pride more benignly, suggesting that pride can be accompanied by a full ...
  • Beyond Presidentialism and Parliamentarism 

    Cheibub, Jose; Elkins, Zachary; Ginsburg, Tom (British Journal of Political Science, 2013-11-18)
    The presidential-parliamentary distinction is foundational to comparative politics and at the center of a large theoretical and empirical literature. However, an examination of constitutional texts suggests a fair degree ...
  • Can Institutions Build Unity in Multiethnic States? 

    Elkins, Zachary; Sides, John (American Political Science Review, 2013-11-18)
    We investigate whether political institutions can promote attachment to the state in multiethnic societies. Building on literatures on nationalism, democratization, and conflict resolution, we discuss the importance of ...
  • Competing for Capital: The Diffusion of Bilateral Investment Treaties, 1959-2000 

    Elkins, Zachary; Guzman, Andrew; Simmons, Beth A. (International OrganizationInternational Organization Foundation, 2012-05-18)
    Over the past forty-five years, bilateral investment treaties (BITs) have become the most important international legal mechanism for the encouragement and governance of foreign direct investment. The proliferation of ...
  • Diffusion and the Constitutionalization of Europe 

    Elkins, Zachary (Comparative Political Studies, 2013-11-18)
    This article begins with a rather forceful defense of the explanatory role of formal institutions—and, in particular, constitutions—in the study of democratization. Important aspects of constitutions play a significant ...
  • Does the Process of Constitution-Making Matter? 

    Ginsburg, Tom; Elkins, Zachary; Blount, Justin (Annual Review of Law and Social Science, 2013-11-18)
    Constitution-making is a ubiquitous but poorly understood phenomenon. There is much speculation but relatively little evidence about the impact of different design processes on constitutional outcomes. Much of the debate ...
  • The Globalization of Liberalization: Policy Diffusion in the International Political Economy 

    Elkins, Zachary; Simmons, Beth A. (American Political Science ReviewAmerican Political Science Association, 2012-04-13)
    One of the most important developments over the past three decades has been the spread of liberal economic ideas and policies throughout the world. These policies have affected the lives of millions of people, yet our ...
  • Gradations of Democracy? Empirical Tests of Alternative Conceptualizations 

    Elkins, Zachary (American Journal of Political ScienceMidwest Political Science Association, 2012-04-08)
    A group of influential scholars has argued emphatically that democracy should be measured dichotomously. This position challenges--on both theoretical and methodological grounds--the widespread practice of measuring democracy ...
  • Gradations of Democracy? Empirical Tests of Alternative Conceptualizations 

    Elkins, Zachary (American Journal of Political Science, 2013-11-18)
    A group of influential scholars has argued emphatically that democracy should be measured dichotomously. This position challenges-on both theoretical and methodological grounds-the widespread practice of measuring democracy ...
  • On the Interpretability of Law: Lessons from Decoding National Constitutions 

    Melton, James; Elkins, Zachary; Ginsburg, Tom; Leetaru, Kalev (British Journal of Political Science, 2013-11-18)
    An implicit element of many theories of constitutional enforcement is the degree to which those subject to constitutional law can agree on what its provisions mean (call this constitutional interpretability). Unfortunately, ...