# Browsing by Subject "PDEs"

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Item Parabolic Anderson Model on R^2(2016) Lutsko, Christopher; Chen, ThomasShow more For my thesis project we have been studying the analysis of the parabolic Anderson model in 2 spatial dimensions on the whole plane, performed by Hairer and Labbe in early 2015. This problem is a nice example as it requires renormalization to control the singularities and weighted spaces to control the divergence at infinity. After adding the necessary logarithmic counter term and posing the problem in the correct space we are then able to prove existence and uniqueness of the solution. Our main contribution is to offer a more explicit account than was previously available, and to correct some typos in the original work. This work is of importance because the parabolic Anderson model, which models a random walk driven by a random potential, can be used to study several topics such as spectral theory and some variational problems. Moreover, this analysis is of interest because it presents a particularly clean example, in that there is no need for any complicated (though more general) renormalization procedures. Rather, we use a trick from the analysis of smooth partial differential equations to identify the diverging terms and then add an appropriate counter term.Show more Item Some Onsager’s conjecture type results for a family of odd active scalar equations(2022-02-28) Ma, Andrew Gahwah; Isett, Philip, 1986-; Vasseur, Alexis F.; Pavlovic, Natasa; Patrizi, StefaniaShow more In this document we present a new application of convex integration to the surface quasi-geostrophic equations (SQG) to construct non-unique weak solutions. We also discuss how to generalize the convex integration scheme on SQG to the related family of modified surface quasi-geostrophic equations (mSQG). Finally we present a proof conservation of the Hamiltonian, a scalar quantity, for the mSQG family of equations. This work is relevant for its connections to the study of turbulence in fluids from a mathematical perspective.Show more Item Various applications of discontinuous Petrov-Galerkin (DPG) finite element methods(2018-06-25) Fuentes, Federico, Ph. D.; Demkowicz, Leszek; Babuska, Ivo M.; Caffarelli, Luis A.; Hughes, Thomas J. R.; Oden, J. Tinsley; Wilder, AletaShow more Discontinuous Petrov-Galerkin (DPG) finite element methods have garnered significant attention since they were originally introduced. They discretize variational formulations with broken (discontinuous) test spaces and are crafted to be numerically stable by implicitly computing a near-optimal discrete test space as a function of a discrete trial space. Moreover, they are completely general in the sense that they can be applied to a variety of variational formulations, including non-conventional ones that involve non-symmetric functional settings, such as ultraweak variational formulations. In most cases, these properties have been harnessed to develop numerical methods that provide robust control of relevant equation parameters, like in convection-diffusion problems and other singularly perturbed problems. In this work, other features of DPG methods are systematically exploited and applied to different problems. More specifically, the versatility of DPG methods is elucidated by utilizing the underlying methodology to discretize four distinct variational formulations of the equations of linear elasticity. By taking advantage of interface variables inherent to DPG discretizations, an approach to coupling different variational formulations within the same domain is described and used to solve interesting problems. Moreover, the convenient algebraic structure in DPG methods is harnessed to develop a new family of numerical methods called discrete least-squares (DLS) finite element methods. These involve solving, with improved conditioning properties, a discrete least-squares problem associated with an overdetermined rectangular system of equations, instead of directly solving the usual square systems. Their utility is demonstrated with illustrative examples. Additionally, high-order polygonal DPG (PolyDPG) methods are devised by using the intrinsic discontinuities present in ultraweak formulations. The resulting methods can handle heavily distorted non-convex polygonal elements and discontinuous material properties. A polygonal adaptive strategy was also proposed and compared with standard techniques. Lastly, the natural high-order residual-based a posteriori error estimator ingrained within DPG methods was further applied to problems of physical relevance, like the validation of dynamic mechanical analysis (DMA) calibration experiments of viscoelastic materials, and the modeling of form-wound medium-voltage stator coils sitting inside large electric machinery.Show more