# Browsing by Subject "Integro-differential equations"

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Item Estimates on higher derivatives for the Navier-Stokes equations and Hölder continuity for integro-differential equations(2012-08) Choi, Kyudong; Vasseur, Alexis F.; Caffarelli, Luis; Figalli, Alessio; Gamba, Irene; Morrison, Philip; Pavlovic, NatasaShow more This thesis is divided into two independent parts. The first part concerns the 3D Navier-Stokes equations. The second part deals with regularity issues for a family of integro-differential equations. In the first part of this thesis, we consider weak solutions of the 3D Navier-Stokes equations with L² initial data. We prove that ([Nabla superscript alpha])u is locally integrable in space-time for any real [alpha] such that 1 < [alpha] < 3. Up to now, only the second derivative ([Nabla]²)u was known to be locally integrable by standard parabolic regularization. We also present sharp estimates of those quantities in local weak-L[superscript (4/([alpha]+1))]. These estimates depend only on the L² norm of the initial data and on the domain of integration. Moreover, they are valid even for [alpha] ≥ 3 as long as u is smooth. The proof uses a standard approximation of Navier-Stokes from Leray and blow-up techniques. The local study is based on De Giorgi techniques with a new pressure decomposition. To handle the non-locality of fractional Laplacians, Hardy space and Maximal functions are introduced. In the second part of this thesis, we consider non-local integro-differential equations under certain natural assumptions on the kernel, and obtain persistence of Hölder continuity for their solutions. In other words, we prove that a solution stays in C[superscript beta] for all time if its initial data lies in C[superscript beta]. Also, we prove a C[superscript beta]-regularization effect from [mathematical equation] initial data. It provides an alternative proof to the result of Caffarelli, Chan and Vasseur [10], which was based on De Giorgi techniques. This result has an application for a fully non-linear problem, which is used in the field of image processing. In addition, we show Hölder regularity for solutions of drift diffusion equations with supercritical fractional diffusion under the assumption [mathematical equation]on the divergent-free drift velocity. The proof is in the spirit of Kiselev and Nazarov [48] where they established Hölder continuity of the critical surface quasi-geostrophic (SQG) equation by observing the evolution of a dual class of test functions.Show more Item Regularity for solutions of nonlocal fully nonlinear parabolic equations and free boundaries on two dimensional cones(2013-05) Chang Lara, Hector Andres; Caffarelli, Luis A.Show more On the first part, we consider nonlinear operators I depending on a family of nonlocal linear operators [mathematical equations]. We study the solutions of the Dirichlet initial and boundary value problems [mathematical equations]. We do not assume even symmetry for the kernels. The odd part bring some sort of nonlocal drift term, which in principle competes against the regularization of the solution. Existence and uniqueness is established for viscosity solutions. Several Hölder estimates are established for u and its derivatives under special assumptions. Moreover, the estimates remain uniform as the order of the equation approaches the second order case. This allows to consider our results as an extension of the classical theory of second order fully nonlinear equations. On the second part, we study two phase problems posed over a two dimensional cone generated by a smooth curve [mathematical symbol] on the unit sphere. We show that when [mathematical equation] the free boundary avoids the vertex of the cone. When [mathematical equation]we provide examples of minimizers such that the vertex belongs to the free boundary.Show more