# Browsing by Subject "Black hole"

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Item Black hole visualization and animation(2010-05) Krawisz, Daniel Gregory; Matzner, Richard A. (Richard Alfred), 1942-; Shepley, Lawrence C.Show more Black hole visualization is a problem of raytracing over curved spacetimes. This paper discusses the physics of light in curved spacetimes, the geometry of black holes, and the appearance of objects as viewed through a relativistic camera (the Penrose-Terrell effect). It then discusses computational issues of how to generate images of black holes with a computer. A method of determining the most efficient series of steps to calculate the value of a mathematical expression is described and used to improve the speed of the program. The details of raytracing over curved spaces not covered by a single chart are described. A method of generating images of several black holes in the same spacetime is discussed. Finally, a series of images generated by these methods is given and interpreted.Show more Item Computing binary black hole merger waveforms using openGR(2012-05) McIvor, Greg Andrew; Matzner, Richard A. (Richard Alfred), 1942-; Gebhardt, Karl; Kumar, Pawan; Marder, Michael; Morrison, Philip; Press, WilliamShow more One of the most important predictions of General Relativity, Einstein’s theory of gravity, is the existence of gravitational radiation. The strongest source of such radiation is expected to come from the merging of black holes. Upgrades to large ground based interferometric detectors (LIGO, VIRGO, GEO 600) have increased their sensitivity to the point that the first direct observation of a gravitational wave is expected to occur within the next few years. The chance of detection is greatly improved by the use of simulated waveforms which can be used as templates for signal processing. Recent advances in numerical relativity have allowed for long stable evolution of black hole mergers and the generation of expected waveforms. openGR is a modular, open framework black hole evolution code developed at The University of Texas at Austin Center for Relativity. Based on the BSSN (strongly hyperbolic) formulation of Einstein’s equations and the moving puncture method, we are able to model the evolution of a binary black hole system through the merger and extract the gravitational radiation produced. Although we are generally interested in binary interactions, openGR is capable of handling any number of black holes. This work serves as an overview of the capabilities of openGR and a demonstration of the physics it can be used to explore.Show more