An examination of temporal agency in courtship narratives

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An examination of temporal agency in courtship narratives

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dc.contributor.advisor McGlone, Matthew S., 1966-
dc.contributor.advisor Vangelisti, Anita L.
dc.creator Kurlak, Rebecca Mary
dc.date.accessioned 2012-06-27T18:24:30Z
dc.date.available 2012-06-27T18:24:30Z
dc.date.created 2012-05
dc.date.issued 2012-06-27
dc.date.submitted May 2012
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2152/ETD-UT-2012-05-5183
dc.description.abstract The reported study investigated temporal agency (i.e., the assignment of cause for temporal shift) in newlyweds’ courtship narratives. Transcripts of courtship narratives generated by each partner of 23 recently married couples (approximately 3 months) participating in the PAIR project (Huston, McHale, & Crouter, 1986) were analyzed for the presence of different linguistic strategies for encoding temporal shift. Statements were coded as “human agency assignments” when they assigned the cause of temporal shift to humans (e.g., we started seeing each other in June); statements that assigned temporal shift to abstract entities such as the events themselves (e.g., the summer started out well for us) or to the relationship (e.g., the relationship started to slow down) were coded as “abstract agency assignments.” The frequency with which narrators mentioned positiveand negative emotions was also coded to explore the possibility that emotional valence mediated agency assignments. The frequency of different agency assignments and emotion words were considered in the context of portions of the courtship accounts that narrators designated as describing “upturns” (episodes that increased the likelihood of marriage) or “downturns” (episodes that decreased marriage likelihood). Results indicated that the frequency of human agency assignments and positive emotion mention were higher in upturn than downturn narrative segments; in contrast, abstract agency assignments and negative emotion mention were more frequent in downturn than upturn segments. Subsequent analyses indicated that positive word mention partially mediated human agency assignments in upturns and that negative word mention partially mediated abstract agency assignments in downturns. These findings are consistent with previous research demonstrating an association between the emotional valence of an event and temporal agency assignment: In general, people assign temporal agency to themselves when describing positive events, but prefer abstract agency assignments for negative events (McGlone & Pfiester, 2009).
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso eng
dc.subject Agency
dc.subject Narratives
dc.subject Turning points
dc.subject Emotion
dc.subject Romantic relationships
dc.subject Marriage
dc.subject Courtship
dc.title An examination of temporal agency in courtship narratives
dc.date.updated 2012-06-27T18:24:42Z
dc.identifier.slug 2152/ETD-UT-2012-05-5183
dc.description.department Communication Studies
dc.type.genre thesis
dc.type.material text
thesis.degree.department Communication Studies
thesis.degree.discipline Communication Studies
thesis.degree.grantor University of Texas at Austin
thesis.degree.level Masters
thesis.degree.name Master of Arts

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