Novel tools for ultrafast spectroscopy

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Title: Novel tools for ultrafast spectroscopy
Author: Jarvis, Thomas William
Abstract: Exciton dynamics in semiconductor nanostructures are dominated by the effects of many-body physics. The application of coherent spectroscopic tools, such as two-dimensional Fourier transform spectroscopy (2dFTS), to the study of these systems can reveal signatures of these effects, and in combination with sophisticated theoretical modeling, can lead to more complete understanding of the behaviour of these systems. 2dFTS has previously been applied to the study of GaAs quantum well samples. In this thesis, we outline a precis of the technique before describing our own experiments using 2dFTS in a partially collinear geometry. This geometry has previously been used to study chemical systems, but we believe these experiments to be the first such performed on semiconductor samples. We extend this technique to a reflection mode 2dFTS experiment, which we believe to be the first such measurement. In order to extend the techniques of coherent spectroscopy to structured systems, we construct an experimental apparatus that permits us to control the beam geometry used to perform four-wave mixing reflection measurements. To isolate extremely weak signals from intense background fields, we extend a conventional lock-in detection scheme to one that treats the optical fields exciting the sample on an unequal footing. To the best of our knowledge, these measurements represent a novel spectroscopic tool that has not previously been described.
Department: Physics
Subject: Spectroscopy Ultrafast spectroscopy Ultra-fast spectroscopy Exciton Exciton dynamics Exciton optics Excitons Four-wave mixing Four wave mixing GaAs Gallium Arsenide Quantum well Semiconductor Acousto-optic Acousto optic Acousto-optic modulation Agile frequency Direct digital synthesis Lock-in detection Lock in detection Two-dimensional Two dimensional Fourier transform Multi-dimensional Multi dimensional Coherent Dephasing Relaxation Many body Many-body Physics Correlation Plasmon Surface plasmon Polariton Surface Hybrid Coupling Mode Grating Nanostructure Nano-structure Nano structure Reflection Mode geometry Transmission Variable Angle tuning Tunable Tuned Angle-tuning Angle-tunable Beam controllable Control
Date: 2011-12

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