The nature of socioeconomic status among young adults, and its effect on health : a multi-group SEM analysis by gender and race/ethnicity

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The nature of socioeconomic status among young adults, and its effect on health : a multi-group SEM analysis by gender and race/ethnicity

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dc.contributor.advisor Falbo, Toni
dc.creator Yarnell, Lisa Marie
dc.date.accessioned 2011-09-19T18:47:02Z
dc.date.available 2011-09-19T18:47:02Z
dc.date.created 2011-08
dc.date.issued 2011-09-19
dc.date.submitted August 2011
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2152/ETD-UT-2011-08-3872
dc.description.abstract This dissertation focuses on results of multi-group SEM models estimated using data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (Add Health) in order to determine appropriate measurement and structural models for the relationship between socioeconomic status (SES) and health among six young adult U.S. social groups. Examining the links between SES and health during young adulthood is important because while there is a strong, documented link between lower SES and poorer health (Adler & Snibbe, 2003), young adults can exercise a considerable amount of agency with regard to their own SES and health. Young adults make critical decisions about pursuing post-secondary education, entering the workforce, and practicing healthy behaviors--activities which differ in their immediate and long-term economic and health payoff (Mirowsky & Ross, 2003; Elder, 1985; 1994). Yet, the nature of SES and its links with health for members of various gender and racial/ethnic groups is not entirely clear. Literature suggests that occupation, education, and income are neither defined nor linked among women in the same ways that they are for men (APA, 2007). Self-assessment of health is also thought to differ by gender and ethnicity (Krause & Jay, 1994). Moreover, limited research has addressed the unique mediating pathways by which aspects of SES affect health for specific social groups (Matthews, Gallo, & Taylor, 2010). In this work, I estimate measurement models for several aspects of SES among African American, Latina, and White men and women, then link aspects of SES with each other and with health using structural equation modeling. I also examine the unique mediating pathways by which aspects of SES are linked with health for these groups.
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso eng
dc.subject Socioeconomic status
dc.subject Health
dc.subject Structural equation modeling
dc.title The nature of socioeconomic status among young adults, and its effect on health : a multi-group SEM analysis by gender and race/ethnicity
dc.date.updated 2011-09-19T18:47:14Z
dc.identifier.slug 2152/ETD-UT-2011-08-3872
dc.contributor.committeeMember Neff, Kristin D.
dc.contributor.committeeMember Beretvas, Susan N.
dc.contributor.committeeMember Keith, Timothy Z.
dc.contributor.committeeMember Crosnoe, Robert L.
dc.description.department Educational Psychology
dc.type.genre thesis
dc.type.material text
thesis.degree.department Educational Psychology
thesis.degree.discipline Educational Psychology
thesis.degree.grantor University of Texas at Austin
thesis.degree.level Doctoral
thesis.degree.name Doctor of Philosophy

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