The nature of the marvelous in René Depestre’s Hadriana dans tous mes rêves


The nature of the marvelous in René Depestre’s Hadriana dans tous mes rêves

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Title: The nature of the marvelous in René Depestre’s Hadriana dans tous mes rêves
Author: Belleroche, Jean Élie, 1968-
Abstract: My goal is to study the nature of the Marvelous in René Depestre's Hadriana dans tous mes rêves. I want to demonstrate that René Depestre, in his novel, combines a number of surrealist or neo-surrealist premises that have influenced him as a Haitian writer. This goes beyond differences that can be discerned between the "Surrealist marvelous" endorsed by André Breton and the surrealists, and Alejo Capentier's "marvelous real"later proposed by Jacques Stephen Alexis as "marvelous realism" Depestre adapts Haitian natives' perceptions deep-rooted in their historical and social, cultural and religious past and ever-existing political and economical struggle. Taking into account both the surrealist perspective and the Haitian context, I shall address the complexity of the concept of the Marvelous and discuss Depestre's use of "zombification"as a form of metamorphosis, which preserves the mystical nature of Vodou as a religion that syncretizes the Roman Catholic ritual of exorcism of the Christian West and the animist and magical practices inherited from Africa. Scholars have explored the Marvelous and marvelous realism in Depestre's works as a whole, but not in Hadriana dans tous mes rêves specifically. The exclusive nature of this study will show that Depestre draws from Haiti's complex cultural ethos as well as from surrealism'es key principles, to create a hybrid Marvelous typical of Haiti and Depestre'es aesthetic as a writer.
Department: French and Italian
Subject: René Depestre Hadriana dans tous mes rêves Hadriana in all my dreams Marvelous in literature Jacques Stephen Alexis Marvelous realism Alejo Capentier Marvelous real Surrealism Haiti Zombification Pensée primitive Haitian Vodou Pierre Mabille Jacques Roumain Haitian literature 20th century Francophone literature André Breton
Date: 2011-05

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