Untold narratives and inchoate histories : remembering the Pusan and Masan uprising of 1979

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Untold narratives and inchoate histories : remembering the Pusan and Masan uprising of 1979

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dc.contributor.advisor Oppenheim, Robert, 1969-
dc.creator Choi, Hye Eun, 1969-
dc.date.accessioned 2010-11-02T21:43:30Z
dc.date.accessioned 2010-11-02T21:43:37Z
dc.date.available 2010-11-02T21:43:30Z
dc.date.available 2010-11-02T21:43:37Z
dc.date.created 2010-05
dc.date.issued 2010-11-02
dc.date.submitted May 2010
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2152/ETD-UT-2010-05-1428
dc.description.abstract Pu-Ma Hangjaeng (the Pusan and Masan Uprising, hereafter Pu-Ma) of 1979 was the largest and longest incident of civil unrest and resistance during the Park Chung-hee regime in South Korea. However, overshadowed by more sensational and disruptive events in the turmoil of contemporary South Korean history, Pu-Ma was largely forgotten. In the post-democratization era, scholarly attention on Pu-Ma in Korean has steadily increased, and Pu-Ma’s valorization as a citizens’ uprising against government oppression has increased as well. It has now been given an important place in the genealogy of the democratic movement in South Korea. I term such recognition among scholars, as well as South Korean governments, the nationalization of Pu-Ma. One of the central concerns of this study is to explore the socio-political reasons behind this process. I attempt to demonstrate that the nationalization of Pu-Ma is closely related to the consensus among progressive scholars about the need to transcend regionalism and resist nostalgia for the Park Chung-hee era. My other focus is on the localization of Pu-Ma, which refers to citizens’ acceptance of Pu-Ma as a proud part of the identities of Pusan and Masan. I explore why localization of Pu-Ma has been problematic despite progressive scholars’ efforts to promote it. I argue that the most significant reason is the difficulty in building coherent collective memory among the participants in Pu-Ma as well as the citizens who witnessed the uprising. I investigate Pu-Ma through newspapers, oral history, and scholarly works to learn why memories of it have remained disconnected and inconsistent for so long.
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso eng
dc.subject South Korea
dc.subject Uprising
dc.subject Pusan and Masan
dc.subject Minjung
dc.subject 1979
dc.subject Park Chung-hee
dc.title Untold narratives and inchoate histories : remembering the Pusan and Masan uprising of 1979
dc.date.updated 2010-11-02T21:43:38Z
dc.contributor.committeeMember Stalker, Nancy
dc.description.department Asian Studies
dc.type.genre thesis
dc.type.material text
thesis.degree.department Asian Studies
thesis.degree.discipline Asian Cultures and Languages
thesis.degree.grantor University of Texas at Austin
thesis.degree.level Masters
thesis.degree.name Master of Arts

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