Maternal predictors of children's facial emotions in mother-child interactions

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Maternal predictors of children's facial emotions in mother-child interactions

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dc.contributor.advisor Dix, Theodore H.
dc.creator Lusk, Kathryn Renee Preis
dc.date.accessioned 2008-08-28T23:42:52Z
dc.date.available 2008-08-28T23:42:52Z
dc.date.created 2007
dc.date.issued 2008-08-28T23:42:52Z
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2152/3355
dc.description.abstract This study examined maternal predictors of children's facial expressions of emotion in mother-child interactions. Ninety-four mothers and their 14- to 27-month old toddlers were observed during a 20-minute interaction. Results demonstrated that two different components of maternal sensitivity, supportive behavior and child-oriented motivation, predicted more facial expressions of joy and sadness and less flat affect in children. Maternal autonomy granting, a third component of maternal sensitivity, predicted more facial expressions of anger in children. This study also examined relations between macrosocial variables (i.e., maternal well-being and demographic factors) and children's facial expressions of emotion and how maternal sensitivity mediated such relations. High maternal education was directly related to fewer facial expressions of sadness and anger, high SES was related to more facial expressions of joy, and both greater marital satisfaction and social support were related to more facial expressions of anger. It was also shown that supportive behavior mediated associations between: maternal depressive symptoms and both low joy and high flat affect, marital satisfaction and low flat affect, maternal education and high joy, and family income and high joy. Child-oriented motivation mediated associations between maternal depressive symptoms and both high flat affect and low sadness. Findings suggest that it is important to consider multiple measures of maternal sensitivity and the broader macrosocial context in which the parent-child relationship is embedded when examining children's facial expressions of emotion in mother-child interactions.
dc.format.medium electronic
dc.language.iso eng
dc.rights Copyright © is held by the author. Presentation of this material on the Libraries' web site by University Libraries, The University of Texas at Austin was made possible under a limited license grant from the author who has retained all copyrights in the works.
dc.subject.lcsh Facial expression
dc.subject.lcsh Mother and infant
dc.subject.lcsh Emotions in infants
dc.title Maternal predictors of children's facial emotions in mother-child interactions
dc.description.department Human Ecology, School of
dc.identifier.oclc 174981455
dc.identifier.recnum b68909159
dc.type.genre Thesis
dc.type.material text
thesis.degree.department Human Ecology
thesis.degree.discipline Human Development and Family Sciences.
thesis.degree.grantor The University of Texas at Austin
thesis.degree.level Doctoral
thesis.degree.name Doctor of Philosophy

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